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Submitted: 10 Oct 2023
Accepted: 23 Dec 2023
ePublished: 13 Jan 2024
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J Ren Endocrinol. 2024;10: e25133.
doi: 10.34172/jre.2024.25133
  Abstract View: 369
  PDF Download: 241

Review

Vitamin D and its role in health; A review of mechanisms, risk factors, sources, and health benefits

Moloud Alsadat Mousavi 1 ORCID logo, Mehdi Hosseinifard 2 ORCID logo, Maryam Aligholizadeh 3 ORCID logo, Siavash Sangi 3 ORCID logo, Zahra Kordeyazdi 4 ORCID logo, Faraz Zandiyeh 5* ORCID logo

1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Imam Hossein Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Behbahan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Behbahan, Iran
3 Anesthesia Education Student, Department of Anesthesia Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Nursing, Labbafinezhad, Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Emergency Medicine, Shohadaye Salamat Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Faraz Zandiyeh, Email: dr_faraz_z@yahoo.com

Abstract

Vitamin D is crucial for maintaining optimal health. This review study evaluates health problems related to deficiency and ways to maintain sufficient levels. We conducted a review of the association between vitamin D inadequacy and various diseases, explored the various sources of vitamin D and the risk factors associated with vitamin D insufficiency, examined the consequences of insufficient vitamin D levels, and assessed the potential benefits of taking vitamin D supplements for promoting good health. A literature review demonstrated that maintaining sufficient levels of vitamin D is essential for improving health and preventing various diseases. Vitamin D deficiency is a common condition, and it can be addressed by consuming a balanced diet, getting regular exposure to sunlight, or taking supplements as necessary.

Citation: Mousavi MA, Hosseinifard M, Aligholizadeh M, Sangi S, Kordeyazdi Z, Zandiyeh F. Vitamin D and its role in health; A review of mechanisms, risk factors, sources, and health benefits. J Ren Endocrinol. 2024;10:25133. doi: 10.34172/jre.2024.25133.
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